Knee pain or knee injuries are extremely common, and there are many causes. It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your knee pain or injury so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause. Knee pain can arise from soft tissue injuries eg ligament sprains and muscle strains, bone conditions eg knee arthritis, Osgood Schlatters, and biomechanical dysfunction eg Patellofemoral syndrome. It may even be referred from your sciatica!
Knee pain has many causes and your knee treatment varies considerably depending on an accurate diagnosis. Treatment can involve simple knee mobilisation techniques, massage, taping, stretches or strengthening exercises all the way through to a thorough rehabilitation protocol post knee reconstruction or knee replacement.
Please consult your physiotherapist for the most accurate diagnosis and best treatment for your knee pain.
Common Sources of Knee Pain
If you suffer knee pain or injury, here are some common causes:
- ACL Injury
- Bursitis Knee
- Chondromalacia Patella
- Corked Thigh
- Discoid Meniscus
- DOMS – Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
- Hamstring Strain
- ITB Syndrome
- Knee Arthritis
- Knee Ligament Injuries
- Knee Replacement
- Meniscus Tear
- Muscle Strain (Muscle Pain)
- Osgood Schlatter’s
- Overuse Injuries
- Patella Tendonitis (Tendinopathy)
- Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
- Pinched Nerve
- Plica Syndrome
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Sinding Larsen Johansson Syndrome
- Stress Fracture
- Thigh Strain
What can be done for your knee problems?
Physiotherapists can do a lot to help a damaged knee which can manifest itself as just a sore knee or even a clicking or grinding sensation. Here are some of the ways your knee can be helped:
Increase range of movement
A damaged or arthritic knee will often stiffen up. This can cause pain, weakness and loss of function. Increasing the movement in a stiff knee can improve all of these things.
You only need a small amount of swelling or pain in your knee to cause inhibition of the important quadriceps (thigh) muscles. If these muscles are not working properly, it can lead to ongoing problems in your knee.
Release soft tissue restrictions
The soft tissue around your knee can tighten up due to muscle imbalance, inflammation and scar tissue. Your physiotherapist can identify if this has happened and release any tight tissue.
Bracing or strapping
Sometimes you will need tape or a brace to enable you to overcome a knee problem. This will enable you to remain as active as possible, within the limitations of your knee problem. Your physiotherapist can advise you what will work best.
Physiotherapists use a number of measures to reduce pain and inflammation in a damaged knee. Reducing swelling and inflammation, as quickly as possible, is vital if you want a quick resolution of your knee problem.
If you have a painful knee, you need to avoid activities that place stress on the knee. Your physiotherapist can advise you what avoid most lunging to avoid. For example, if you have a problem under your knee cap you should and squatting exercises.
Rehabilitation after surgery
Physiotherapy after knee surgery is vital. You should commence this as soon as you can to achieve the best outcome possible.